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Historical events

Historic Date Title Description
Thursday, 01 January 1942

TF-17 (RAdm Fletcher) formed on Yorktown (CV-5) newly returned from the Atlantic.

Monday, 01 January 1945

Army troops land on Fais Island, Caroline Islands, to capture and destroy Japanese radio station. B-25's and FBs make low-level attacks on Negros airfields. B-24's, with P-38 cover, bomb Clark Field.
19 B-24's from Saipan bomb Iwo Jima. 9 more make random snooper raids.

Friday, 02 January 1942

Manila and U.S. Naval base at Cavite captured by the Japanese.

Saturday, 02 January 1943

Allies take Buna in New Guinea.

Wednesday, 03 January 1945

Gen. MacArthur is placed in command of all U.S. ground forces and Adm. Nimitz in command of all naval forces in preparation for planned assaults against Iwo Jima, Okinawa and Japan itself.

Wednesday, 03 January 1945

TF 38 (VAdm McCain) begins operations against Japanese airfields and shipping near Formosa. Leading groups of U.S. fleet bound for Lingayen Gulf make daylight passage of Surigao Strait.
57 Marianas based B-29's bomb docks and urban areas of Nagoya. 21 others bomb alternates.

Thursday, 04 January 1945

British occupy Akyab in Burma.

Thursday, 04 January 1945

A kamikaze irreparably damages Ommaney Bay (CVE-79), sunk by USN.

Tuesday, 05 January 1943

USAAF B-17's and B-24's bomb Japanese shipping at Rabaul, New Britain.

Friday, 05 January 1945
    Kamikazes damage Louisville (CA-28) , Helm (DD-388) , Manila Bay (CVE-61), and Savo Island (CVE-78), Stafford (DE-411) , and 3 smaller ships. Suiciders also damage HMAS Australia (CA) and destroyer HMAS Arunta (DD).
Tuesday, 06 January 1942

Yorktown (CV-5) sails from San Diego to escoret Second Marine Brigade to American Samoa.

Tuesday, 06 January 1942

Planes from Truk attack Rabaul in the Bismarcks.

Saturday, 06 January 1945

Kamikazes damage battleships New Mexico (BB-40) (killing members of an observing British military mission) and California (BB-44), Columbia (CL-56) and Newcomb (DD-586) (also hit by friendly fire) and Richard P. Leary (DD-664), Louisville (CA-28), Allen M. Sumner (DD-692), and O'Brien (DD-725).

Wednesday, 07 January 1942

Japanese attack Bataan in the Philippines.

Friday, 08 January 1943

USAAF B-17's, B-24's, B-25's and A-20's, supported by P-38's, attack Japanese convoy unloading off Lae, New Guinea.

Monday, 08 January 1945

Japanese aerial onslaught on Lingayen Gulf invasion force, kamikazes damage escort carriers Kitkun Bay (CVE-71) and Kadashan Bay (CVE-76) A suicider damages HMAS Australia (CA) again.

Sunday, 09 January 1944

British and Indian troops recapture Maungdaw in Burma.

Tuesday, 09 January 1945

U.S. Sixth Army invades Lingayen Gulf on Luzon in the Philippines.

Sunday, 10 January 1943

Transport submarine Argonaut (APS-1) attacks convoy SE of New Britain, is sunk by Japanese aircraft and destroyers.

Wednesday, 10 January 1945

Demolition boats infiltrate the transport areas off Lingayen, sinking two gunboats and damaging Robinson (DD-562) and Philip (DD-498), War Hawk (AP-168) and LST-610. Japanese air attacks damage Wickes (DD-578); kamikazes damage Leray Wilson (DE-414), and Dupage (APA-41).

    Sunday, 11 January 1942

    Japanese invade Dutch East Indies and Dutch Borneo.

    Sunday, 11 January 1942

    Enterprise (CV-6, TF 8, VAdm Halsey) departs Pearl to join escort of Marines to Samoa.

    Thursday, 11 January 1945

    Air raid against Japanese bases in Indochina by U.S. Carrier-based planes.

    Monday, 12 January 1942

    Saratoga (CV-3, TF 11, VAdm Fitch) torpedoed 500 miles SE Hawaii. She is able to return to Pearl and is sent to West Coast for repairs until June 1.

    Monday, 12 January 1942

    Captives shipped from Wake Island to Japan; 5 beheaded to assure good behavior.

    Tuesday, 12 January 1943

    Nine motor torpedo boats operating from Tulagi attack 8 DD Japanese Reinforcement Unit off Cape Esperance, Guadalcanal.

    Saturday, 13 January 1945

    Kamikaze attacks against Lingayen Gulf invasion shipping culminate in suicide plane crashing and damaging Salamaua (CVE-96).

    Thursday, 14 January 1943

    Casablanca Conference begins. Roosevelt, Churchill, and staffs meet to plan future operations against the Axis.

    Thursday, 15 January 1942

    ABDA (American, British, Dutch and Australian) force formed in Western Pacific.

    Thursday, 15 January 1942

    Marines arrive Pago Pago covered by Enterprise and Yorktown.

    Friday, 15 January 1943

    SBD's from Henderson Field, Guadalcanal, and USAAF B-17's, escorted by F4F's and USAAF P-39's, attack nine Japanese destroyers northeast of New Georgia, Solomons, damaging 4.

    Friday, 16 January 1942

    Japanese begin an advance into Burma.

    Sunday, 17 January 1943

    Section B of Japanese Solomons reinforcement convoy sails from Truk, bound for the Shortlands.

    Sunday, 18 January 1942

    German-Japanese-Italian military agreement signed in Berlin.

    Monday, 18 January 1943

    USAAF B-17's and P-39's sink Japanese cargo vessel Yamafuku Maru off Shortland Island.

    Monday, 19 January 1942

    Japanese take North Borneo.

    Tuesday, 19 January 1943

    Japanese land at Wewak, New Guinea.

    Wednesday, 20 January 1943

    Silversides (SS-236) encounters Section C of Japanese Solomons reinforcement convoy, and sinks army transport Meiu Maru and irreparably damages another.

    Wednesday, 20 January 1943

    First destroyer escort type ship, Brennan (DE-13), is commissioned at Mare Island, Cal.

    Wednesday, 21 January 1942

    Enterprise and Yorktown task forces set course for the Japanese-held Marshalls and Gilberts.

    Thursday, 22 January 1942

    Lexington departs to raid Wake Island.

    Friday, 22 January 1943

    Allies defeat Japanese at Sanananda on New Guinea.

    Friday, 23 January 1942

    Japanese take Rabaul on New Britain in the Solomon Islands and also invade Bougainville, the largest island.

    Friday, 23 January 1942

    Neches (AO-5), fleet oiler, torpedoed and sunk. Lexington has to cancel raid on Wake Island.

    Friday, 23 January 1942

    Japanese take Rabaul, good harbor, becomes major Japanese base.

    Saturday, 24 January 1942

    Battle of Makassar Strait off Balikpapan sinks four Japanese transports

    Thursday, 25 January 1945

    Almost daily, 10 to 20 B-24 attack Iwo Jima to suppress enemy fighters intercepting B-29's.

      70-plus B-29's mine the 6 approaches to Singapore harbor and at Saigon, Camranh Bay, Pakchan R, Penang harbor, Koh Si Chang Channel, and Phan Rang Bay.
    Tuesday, 26 January 1943

    Wahoo (SS-238) attacks Japanese convoy about 270 miles north of Dutch New Guinea, sinks four ships.

    Tuesday, 27 January 1942

    First Japanese warship sunk by a U.S. submarine.

    Tuesday, 27 January 1942

    Australians warn New Caledonia could be captured before US troop ships. then underway. arrive.

    Tuesday, 27 January 1942

    Submarine Gudgeon sinks Japanese submarine I-73.

    Sunday, 28 January 1945

    The Burma road is reopened.

    Thursday, 29 January 1942

    Inter-island army transport, General Royal T. Frank sunk with all hands by I-71, 2-miles W of Maui.

    Friday, 29 January 1943

    Battle of Rennell Island begins as Japanese land planes attack TF 18 cruisers and destroyers covering the movement of transport force toward Guadalcanal ; damage heavy cruiser Chicago (CA 29) taken under tow.

    Friday, 30 January 1942

    The British withdraw into Singapore. The siege of Singapore then begins.

    Friday, 30 January 1942

    Lexington sent to south to cover return of E and Y from the attack on the Gilberts and Marshalls.

    Monday, 31 January 1944

    U.S. Troops invade Kwajalein in the Marshall Islands.

    Sunday, 01 February 1942

    First U.S. aircraft carrier offensive of the war as YORKTOWN and ENTERPRISE conduct air raids on Japanese bases in the Gilbert and Marshall Islands.

    Sunday, 01 February 1942

    PT boats and P-40's repulse Japanese landing attempt on southwest Bataan.

    Monday, 01 February 1943

    Japanese begin evacuation of Guadalcanal.

    Tuesday, 01 February 1944

    U.S. Troops started to capture Kwajalein and Majura Atolls in the Marshall Islands.

    Monday, 02 February 1942

    Japanese invade Java in the Dutch East Indies.

    Monday, 02 February 1942

    RAdm Fletcher is officer in tactical command; force consists of three carriers, seven heavy cruisers, one light cruiser, 16 destroyers.

    Tuesday, 03 February 1942

    Japanese naval land attack planes bomb ABDA operating base at Surabaya;

    Saturday, 03 February 1945

    U.S. Sixth Army attacks Japanese in Manila.

    Wednesday, 04 February 1942

    Japanese naval land attack planes bomb ABDA ships, damaging Houston (CA-30) and light cruiser Marblehead (CL-12).

    Thursday, 05 February 1942

    Japanese planes bomb Allied shipping off Soembawa Island, N.E.I.

    Thursday, 05 February 1942

    Hammondsport delivered 120 P-40 fighters to Brisbane.

    Friday, 06 February 1942

    Japanese artillery on Cavite coast shell Corregidor.

    Monday, 07 February 1944

    U.S. Troops finally captured Kwajalein and Majura Atolls in the Marshall Islands.

    Sunday, 08 February 1942

    Japanese invade Singapore.

    Sunday, 08 February 1942

    Japanese troops land on New Britain.

    Monday, 08 February 1943

    British-Indian forces begin guerrilla operations against Japanese in Burma.

    Tuesday, 09 February 1943

    Japanese resistance on Guadalcanal ends.

    Tuesday, 10 February 1942

    General Instructions for Refueling, tech bulletin 2-42

    Wednesday, 11 February 1942

    First large troop convoy to garrison S. Pacific Islands.

    Friday, 13 February 1942

    Passenger ship President Taylor, transporting 900 troops to occupy Canton Island, runs aground.

    Saturday, 14 February 1942

    Japanese invade Sumatra in the Dutch East Indies.

    Saturday, 14 February 1942

    Enterprise (Halsey) leaves Pearl Harbor for Wake Island.

    Sunday, 15 February 1942

    British surrender at Singapore.

    Sunday, 15 February 1942

    Japanese army paratroops secure vital oil refineries at Palembang, Sumatra, N.E.I.

    Sunday, 15 February 1942

    Yorktown (Fletcher) left Pearl Harbor to patrol South Pacific.

    Monday, 16 February 1942

    Japanese planes bomb U.S. Timor-bound convoy ; convoy recalled.

    Monday, 16 February 1942

    Lexington TF 11 (VAdm Brown) heads for an attack on Rabaul, New Britain.

    Friday, 16 February 1945

    U.S. Troops recapture Bataan in the Philippines.

    Tuesday, 17 February 1942

    Seabees (First Naval Construction Battalion) arrive at Bora Bora, Society Islands.

    Thursday, 17 February 1944

    U.S. Carrier-based planes destroy the Japanese naval base at Truk in the Caroline Islands.

    Sunday, 18 February 1945

    4 BB and other ships join up from European theater. American forces enter Corregidor.

    Thursday, 19 February 1942

    Largest Japanese air raid since Pearl Harbor occurs against Darwin, Australia; Japanese invade Bali.

    Thursday, 19 February 1942

    Battle of Badoeng Strait begins; ABDA force attacks retiring Japanese Bali occupation force with 1 Dutch DD sunk, 2 CL and 1 DD damaged.

    Monday, 19 February 1945

    U.S. Marines invade Iwo Jima.

    Friday, 20 February 1942

    First U.S. fighter ace of the war, Lt. Edward O'Hare from the LEXINGTON in action off Rabaul.

    Friday, 20 February 1942

    Philippine government evacuated by submarine Swordfish (SS-193)

    Sunday, 20 February 1944

    U.S. Carrier-based and land-based planes destroy the Japanese base at Rabaul.

    Saturday, 21 February 1942

    Adm King presents plan for SoPac campaign followed for next 18 months.

    Sunday, 22 February 1942

    President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders General MacArthur out of the Philippines.

    Tuesday, 23 February 1943

    First Japanese attack on the U.S. mainland as a submarine shells an oil refinery near Santa Barbara, California.

    Wednesday, 23 February 1944

    U.S. Carrier-based planes attack the Mariana Islands.

    Tuesday, 24 February 1942

    ENTERPRISE attacks Japanese on Wake Island.

    Thursday, 24 February 1944

    Merrill's Marauders begin a ground campaign in northern Burma.

    Wednesday, 25 February 1942

    Japanese force lands north of Surabaya, Java.

    Wednesday, 25 February 1942

    Jap carriers depart Kendari for sweeps between Java and Australia.

    Monday, 26 February 1945

    Storms and collisions damage 2 cruisers and 6 destroyers off Iwo Jima.

    Friday, 27 February 1942

    Japanese naval victory in the Battle of the Java Sea as the largest U.S. warship in the Far East, the HOUSTON, is sunk.

    Friday, 27 February 1942

    Seaplane tender Langley (AV-3), carrying 32 P-40's for the defense of Java, is sunk by Japanese naval land attack planes.

    Saturday, 28 February 1942

    Battle of Sunda Strait begins shortly before midnight as heavy cruiser Houston (CA-30) and Australian light cruiser HMAS Perth, attempting to retire from Java, accidentally encounter Japanese transport force and escorting ships in Banten Bay, Java, and engage them.

    Sunday, 01 March 1942

    Perth and Houston sunk during raid on Banter Bay

    Sunday, 01 March 1942

    Exeter, Encounter and Pope sunk S. of Borneo.

    Thursday, 01 March 1945

    A U.S. submarine sinks a Japanese merchant ship loaded with supplies for Allied POWs, resulting in a court martial for the captain of the submarine, since the ship had been granted safe passage by the U.S. Government.

    Tuesday, 02 March 1943

    Battle of Bismarck Sea started.

    Friday, 02 March 1945

    U.S. airborne troops recapture Corregidor in the Philippines.

    Saturday, 03 March 1945

    U.S. And Filipino troops take Manila.

    Wednesday, 04 March 1942

    Two Japanese flying boats bomb Pearl Harbor; ENTERPRISE attacks Marcus Island, just 1000 miles from Japan.

    Wednesday, 04 March 1942

    Enterprise (CV-6,TF 8, Halsey) raids Marcus Island.

    Thursday, 04 March 1943

    U.S. victory over Japanese in the Battle of Bismarck Sea.

    Thursday, 05 March 1942

    King-FDR "We cannot in honor let Australia and New Zealand down".

    Monday, 05 March 1945

    Bashaw (SS-241) sinks 2 tankers off Indochina. Subs, B-24's, B-25's sink 6 subchasers.

    Friday, 06 March 1942

    Lexington (Fitch) and Yorktown (Fletcher) join up intending to raid Rabaul.

    Saturday, 07 March 1942

    British evacuate Rangoon in Burma; Japanese invade Salamaua and Lae on New Guinea.

    Sunday, 08 March 1942

    The Dutch on Java surrender to Japanese.

    Sunday, 08 March 1942

    Japanese invade New Guinea at Lae and Salamaua.

    Thursday, 08 March 1945

    AAF B-24, B-25 bombers sink 8 ships is various areas.

    Friday, 09 March 1945

    Fifteen square miles of Tokyo erupts in flames after it is fire bombed by 279 B-29s.

    Tuesday, 10 March 1942

    Lexington and Yorktown attack Japanese invasion force at New Guinea.

    Saturday, 10 March 1945

    U.S. Eighth Army invades Zamboanga Peninsula on Mindanao in the Philippines.

    Saturday, 10 March 1945

    279 B-29's, of 325 airborne from Guam, Tinian, and Saipan, blast Tokyo urban area with incendiaries, destroying more than 267,000 buildings about one-fourth in the city and killing more than 83,000 people. This death total is the highest of any single day's action during the war, (exceeding the deaths caused by each atomic bomb). 20 other B-29's bomb alternates. 14 B-29's are lost.

    Wednesday, 11 March 1942

    Gen. MacArthur leaves Corregidor and is flown to Australia. Gen. Jonathan Wainwright becomes the new U.S. commander.

    Wednesday, 11 March 1942

    Enterprise (Halsey) returns to Pearl after Marcus Island raid.

    Thursday, 12 March 1942

    US Army lands on New Caledonia (French) to establish base at Noumea.

    Thursday, 12 March 1942

    Fall of Netherlands East Indies.

    Friday, 13 March 1942

    MacArthur's PT boats arrive Cagayan, PI.

    Saturday, 13 March 1943

    Japanese land in Solomon Islands from Rabaul

    Tuesday, 13 March 1945

    274 B-29's bombs Osaka with incendiaries.

    Wednesday, 14 March 1945

    Carrier TF 58 heads for Okinawa with 88 warships.

    Sunday, 15 March 1942

    MacArthur's party depart in B-17 for Darwin.

    Wednesday, 15 March 1944

    Japanese begin offensive toward Imphal and Kohima.

    Monday, 16 March 1942

    Submarine Permit (SS-178) delivers ammunition to Corregidor, evacuates code breakers.

    Tuesday, 17 March 1942

    United States assumes strategic defense of the Pacific Ocean.

    Tuesday, 17 March 1942

    MacArthur arrives Australia by B-17 during Japanese attack.

    Wednesday, 18 March 1942

    Gen. MacArthur appointed commander of the Southwest Pacific Theater by President Roosevelt.

    Wednesday, 18 March 1942

    War Relocation Authority established in the U.S. which eventually will round up 120,000 Japanese-Americans and transport them to barb-wired relocation centers. Despite the internment, over 17,000 Japanese-Americans sign up and fight for the U.S. in World War II in Europe, including the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, the most decorated unit in U.S. history.

    Monday, 19 March 1945

    TF 58 pounds airfields on Kyushu, shipping at Kure and Kobe, Honshu, damage IJN ships at dock at Kure and Osaka.

      Japanese planes bomb Wasp (CV-18) off Shikoku, while friendly fire hits Essex (CV-9) ; Kamikaze damages Franklin (CV-13) off Kyushu, 800 killed.
      16 P-51's from Iwo Jima and 12 Guam-based B-24's bomb and strafe Chichi Jima
      Minesweepers head for Okinawa.

    Friday, 20 March 1942

    Hornet (CV-8), new carrier, arrives at San Francisco. Yorktown patrols Coral Sea, Lexington enroute to Pearl from New Guinea raid.

    Tuesday, 20 March 1945

    British troops liberate Mandalay, Burma.

    Tuesday, 20 March 1945

    Enterprise (CV-6) is damaged by friendly fire off Japan.

    Saturday, 21 March 1942

    MacArthur & family arrive Kooringa by train; discovers no Army waiting.

    Sunday, 22 March 1942

    MacArthur arrives Melbourne, greeted by 360 American troops.

    Monday, 23 March 1942

    Japanese invade the Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal.

    Monday, 23 March 1942

    Japanese occupy Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal.

    Monday, 23 March 1942

    Submarine Gato (SS-212) bombed by blimp off San Francisco Bay.

    Friday, 23 March 1945

    Carrier TF 58 begins daily strikes against Japanese shipping and installations in the Okinawa area.

    Tuesday, 24 March 1942

    Admiral Chester Nimitz appointed as Commander in Chief of the U.S. Pacific theater.

    Tuesday, 24 March 1942

    Japanese naval planes begin daily bombings of Corregidor.

    Tuesday, 24 March 1942

    British Far East Fleet assembles at Ceylon : 5 BB,3 CV,2 CA,6 CL,15 DD,5 SS.

    Saturday, 24 March 1945

    TF 59 bombards Okinawa.

    Wednesday, 25 March 1942

    Adm King diverts forces to establish base at Efate, New Hebrides, leaving Noumea, N.Caledonia, for Army.

    Thursday, 26 March 1942

    Washington (BB-56), Wasp (CV-7), Wichita (CA-45), Tuscaloosa (CA-37), and 8 DD, sail from Portland, Maine, to reinforce the British Home Fleet.

    Thursday, 26 March 1942

    Japanese fleet departs Celebes for Ceylon: 4 BB,5 CV,2 CA,1 CL,8 DD,5 SS

    Thursday, 26 March 1942

    Lexington arrives Pearl from Coral Sea for dry dock overhaul.

    Monday, 26 March 1945

    Enemy makes final banzai on Iwo Jima in early morning. Capture phase of Iwo Jima ends at 0800.

      22,082 US casualties, 21,300 enemy killed and 212 taken prisoner.
      Army force lands on Kerama Retto, 30-miles from Okinawa. to be used as replenishment anchorage.
      Kamikazes and bombers damage 9 ships from battleships to minesweepers.
      Army lands on Cebu, P.I.
      British Pacific Fleet (TF-57) arrives to help protect left flank, Sakishima Group of islands.

    Tuesday, 27 March 1945

    B-29s lay mines in Japan's Shimonoseki Strait to interrupt shipping.

    Tuesday, 27 March 1945

    94 B-29's mine the Shimonoseki Straits and the waters of Suo Nada, Japan. This operation and 6 that follow, support the coming Okinawa campaign.

    Saturday, 28 March 1942

    Another Japanese fleet departs for Bay of Bengal: 4 CA, 1 CVL, 8 DD

    Sunday, 29 March 1942

    The forward echelon of Marine Fighter Squadron 212 arrived at Efate to construct an air strip; initiated operations New Hebrides 27May'42.

    Monday, 30 March 1942

    Joint Chiefs divide Pacific Ocean (Nimitz) and SW Pacific (MacArthur).

    Monday, 30 March 1942

    Japanese forces occupy Christmas Island, Indian Ocean

    Friday, 30 March 1945

    87 B-29's mine the Shimonoseki Straits and the waters off Kure, Hiroshima, and Sasebo, Japan.
    31 Iwo Jima-based P-51's bomb and strafe Haha Jima
    Indianapolis (CA-35) is damaged by kamikaze off Okinawa - retires to Kerama Retto for temp repairs then steams stateside.
    Keise Shima taken, 6 miles from Okinawa, as artillery position.

    Tuesday, 31 March 1942

    Colorado (BB-45) sails from W.Coast, in overhaul since Jun'41.

    Wednesday, 01 April 1942

    Japanese land on Buka and Santa Isabel, Solomons.

    Sunday, 01 April 1945

    The final amphibious landing of the war occurs as the U.S. Tenth Army invades Okinawa.

    Sunday, 01 April 1945

    Massive air defense damages West Virginia (BB-48), Tennessee (BB-43), carrier HMS Indefatigable and lessor ships.

    Sunday, 01 April 1945

    Queenfish (SS-393) sinks Japanese relief ship in foggy weather in Formosa Straits. Awa Maru carries Red Cross supplies for Allied POWs in Singapore. Guaranteed safe conduct and properly marked, CO is court-martialed.

    Monday, 02 April 1945

    100 B-29's bomb Nakajima aircraft factory at Tokyo. 15 B-29's mine waters off Kure and Hiroshima.

    Friday, 03 April 1942

    Japanese attack U.S. and Filipino troops at Bataan.

    Friday, 03 April 1942

    Midway-based B-17's attack Japanese transports 600 miles west of Midway Island; inflict no damage. Four PBYs set out to attack the approaching Occupation Force.

    Saturday, 04 April 1942

    Hornet leaves San Francisco with Doolittle and 16 B-25's.

    Sunday, 05 April 1942

    Jap fleet w/5 carriers attack Ceylon base; 2 British heavy cruisers sunk.

    Sunday, 05 April 1942

    Imperial Japanese Navy battle plan for Midway accepted.

    Thursday, 05 April 1945

    Advanced Air Base, Iwo Jima, is established.

    Thursday, 05 April 1945

    USSR notifies Japan to abrogate 5-year Russo-Japanese neutrality pact signed in 1941.

    Monday, 06 April 1942

    First U.S. troops arrive in Australia.

    Monday, 06 April 1942

    Japanese Malaya fleet sinks 23 merchantmen off Eastern India

    Monday, 06 April 1942

    Japanese subs off western India sink 5 merchantmen this week.

    Friday, 06 April 1945

    400 kamikaze onslaught against U.S. ships off Okinawa begins: 38 ships damaged or sunk.

    Saturday, 07 April 1945

    B-29s fly their first fighter-escorted mission against Japan with P-51 Mustangs based on Iwo Jima; U.S. Carrier-based fighters sink the super battleship YAMATO and several escort vessels which planned to attack U.S. Forces at Okinawa.

    Saturday, 07 April 1945

    Kamikazes damage Hancock (CV-19), Maryland (BB-46), and 4 DDs.

    Saturday, 07 April 1945

    280 B-29's bomb aircraft factories. 91 P-51's escort them to Japan for the first time.

    Wednesday, 08 April 1942

    Force from Rabaul lands in Western New Britain.

    Wednesday, 08 April 1942

    Enterprise departs Pearl to rendezvous with Hornet.

    Thursday, 09 April 1942

    U.S. forces on Bataan surrender unconditionally to the Japanese.

    Thursday, 09 April 1942

    British warships sunk off Ceylon : CV, 2 CA, DD, 2 others.

    Friday, 10 April 1942

    Bataan Death March begins as 76,000 Allied POWs including 12,000 Americans are forced to walk 60 miles under a blazing sun without food or water toward a new POW camp, resulting in over 5,000 American deaths.

    Friday, 10 April 1942

    Japanese start to take southern Philippines, Cebu

    Tuesday, 10 April 1945

    Navy and Air Force bomb Kurils north of Japan.

    Wednesday, 11 April 1945

    Massive kamikaze attacks damage Missouri (BB-63), Enterprise (CV-6), Essex (CV-9) and 6 DD.

    Sunday, 12 April 1942

    Victorious Japanese fleet starts its return to home waters having lost no surface warships in war to date.

    Thursday, 12 April 1945

    President Roosevelt dies, succeeded by Harry S. Truman.

    Thursday, 12 April 1945

    Off Okinawa, destroyer Mannert L. Abele (DD-733) is sunk by Baka. Other Baka, kamikazes, and bombers damage 2 BB and 9 DD. Friendly fire and collisions damage other ships.

    Monday, 13 April 1942

    Lexington (TF 11, RAdm Fitch) leaves Pearl to join Yorktown (TF 17, Fletcher) for raid on Rabaul.

    Tuesday, 14 April 1942

    Adm Nimitz assigned to South Pacific. Sends Yorktown (CV-5, RAdm Fletcher) to Tongatabu, south of Samoa, to replenish for anticipated defense of New Guinea and Solomon Islands at the end of the month.

    Saturday, 14 April 1945

    Tirante (SS-420) attacks Japanese convoy sinking transport and two escorts. Kamikazes damage BB, 2 DD.

    Sunday, 15 April 1945

    Carrier aircraft attack airfields and aircraft in S. Kyushu, Japan; 300 B-29's strike Kawasaki and Tokyo.

    Thursday, 16 April 1942

    Japanese land on Panay and Negros, Philippine Islands.

    Monday, 16 April 1945

    Kamikaze sink DD and damage CV, BB, DD2, DE, 2 DMS, AO.

    Friday, 17 April 1942

    Japanese army takes central Burma.

    Friday, 17 April 1942

    Submarine Searaven (SS-196) begins rescue of stranded Australian servicemen from occupied Timor.

    Friday, 17 April 1942

    Doolittle Raid on Tokyo with 16 Army B-25 bombers from Hornet, escorted by Enterprise.

    Monday, 17 April 1944

    Japanese begin their last offensive in China, attacking U.S. air bases in eastern China.

    Saturday, 18 April 1942

    Surprise U.S. 'Doolittle' B-25 air raid from the HORNET against Tokyo boosts Allied morale.

    Saturday, 18 April 1942

    Lexington (CV-2, TF 11, RAdm Fitch), ferries USMC F2A Buffalos to Palmyra Island.

    Sunday, 18 April 1943 Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto was killed in an attack by U.S. fighter planes
    Sunday, 18 April 1943

    U.S. code breakers pinpoint the location of Japanese Admiral Yamamoto flying in a Japanese bomber near Bougainville in the Solomon Islands. Eighteen P-38 fighters then locate and shoot down Yamamoto.

    Sunday, 19 April 1942

    Japanese land in Dutch New Guinea.

    Thursday, 19 April 1945

    Major attack on Japanese fortifications on Okinawa.

    Monday, 20 April 1942

    Lexington arrives S Pacific.

    Tuesday, 21 April 1942

    Entire Japanese fleet searches for the Doolittle carriers.

    Wednesday, 21 April 1943

    President Roosevelt announces the Japanese have executed several airmen from the Doolittle Raid.

    Wednesday, 22 April 1942

    Lexington joins Yorktown at Tongutabu to prepare for expected battle.

    Wednesday, 22 April 1942

    Dutch submarine O 19 torpedoes Japanese heavy cruiser Ashigara (CA) steaming toward Batavia, Java.

    Thursday, 22 April 1943

    Japan announces captured Allied pilots will be given "one way tickets to hell."

    Saturday, 22 April 1944

    Allies invade Aitape and Hollandia in New Guinea.

    Thursday, 23 April 1942

    Code breakers harvest intel from massive Japanese pursuit of Doolittle carriers.

    Monday, 23 April 1945

    Submarine Besugo (SS-321) sinks German submarine U-183 in Java Sea.

    Friday, 24 April 1942

    Japanese fleet elements start to return to refuel.

    Saturday, 25 April 1942

    Allied army forces begin retreat from Burma.

    Saturday, 25 April 1942

    Enterprise and Hornet arrive Pearl from Doolittle's Tokyo raid.

    Wednesday, 25 April 1945

    USAAF B-24's bomb Japanese shipping at Saigon, French Indochina, sinking transport.

    Sunday, 26 April 1942

    Nimitz flies San Francisco. to brief Adm King on South Pacific plan.

    Monday, 27 April 1942

    Yorktown departs for Coral Sea.

    Monday, 27 April 1942

    Seven battleships remain based on West Coast to conserve fuel.

    Tuesday, 28 April 1942

    Coast watchers report Japanese flying-boat base established in upper Solomons.

    Saturday, 28 April 1945

    Off Okinawa, kamikazes damage 5 destroyers, 2 hospital ships. Suicide boat causes extensive damage to U.S. freighter Bozeman Victor

    Wednesday, 29 April 1942

    Japanese take central Burma.

    Wednesday, 29 April 1942

    Japanese land on Mindanao, southern Philippine Islands

    Wednesday, 29 April 1942

    Japanese naval landing force occupies former RAAF seaplane base at Tulagi, Solomons

    Sunday, 29 April 1945

    Japanese KATEs flying from Truk attack Manus, Admiralty Is, torpedoing floating docks, thinking they are aircraft carriers.

    Thursday, 30 April 1942

    Zuikaku and Shokaku sortie Truk to support Port Moresby invasion leading to the Battle of Coral Sea.

    Thursday, 30 April 1942

    Enterprise and Hornet speed towards Coral Sea; too far to reach in time.

    Friday, 01 May 1942

    11 Japanese transports set sail from Rabaul for Port Moresby invasion escorted by 7 cruisers and an escort carrier, Shoho .

    Saturday, 02 May 1942

    Australian seaplane base at Tulagi evacuated.

    Sunday, 03 May 1942

    Japanese take Tulagi, Florida Island, Solomons.

    Thursday, 03 May 1945

    97 USAAF B-29's sow mines blockading shippiing of Japan's industrial centers, continues for days.
    Kamikazes sink DD, damage 4, suicide boat damages transport, friendly fire kills soldiers on troop ship.
    Premier Suzuki statement "Although changing situation in Europe . . . our faith in certain victory."

    Monday, 04 May 1942

    Yorktown (TF 17, Fletcher) attacks Tulagi, forcing temporary Japanese withdrawal.

    Monday, 04 May 1942

    Japanese land 2000 troops on Corregidor, P.I.

    Friday, 04 May 1945

    Another big day for Kamikazes at Okinawa -- sink 2 DD; damage CL, CVE, 3 DD, 3 DM, HMS Formidable; collisions, groundings and friendly fire also result in losses.

    Tuesday, 05 May 1942

    Yorktown and Lexington join up south of Tulagi.

    Tuesday, 05 May 1942

    Corregidor surrenders - last of the Philippine defenses.

    Tuesday, 05 May 1942

    IJN Junyo commissioned - Dutch Harbor, Kiska, Santa Cruz, Guadalcanal, Philippine Sea.

    Wednesday, 06 May 1942

    US carriers meet-up with Australian cruisers, set up ambush for Jomard Passage.

    Sunday, 06 May 1945

    Off Okinawa, South Dakota (BB-57) is damaged by explosion of five 16-inch powder tanks in magazine.

    Thursday, 07 May 1942

    Japanese carriers attack US oiler Neosho and destroyer Sims thinking they are a carrier and cruiser.

    Thursday, 07 May 1942

    US carriers attack escort carrier Shoho thinking it was the main force.

    Friday, 08 May 1942

    Battle of Coral Sea is fought with Japanese in squalls and USN in sunlight. Shokaku damaged and retires. Both US carriers hit. Later, gas explodes in Lexington and abandoned. Carrier groups of both sides retire.

    Friday, 08 May 1942

    The Battle of Coral Sea is the first time the Japanese Navy is stopped from an objective. Japs fare better in the battle, but lost the opportunity to take Port Moresby on south coast of New Guinea and to raid Australia. US convoy route to Australia remains open. Both Japanese carriers will miss Battle of Midway next month, whereas Yorktown will participate in that victory.

    Tuesday, 08 May 1945

    Germany surrenders. General Alfred Jodl signs unconditional surrender terms at Reims, France, ending Germany's participation in the war.
    At noon, every gun on Okinawa fires one round at the enemy in celebration.
    In surrounding waters, every ship fires a salvo.

    Saturday, 09 May 1942

    Zuikaku ordered to pursue any remaining of American fleet.

    Wednesday, 09 May 1945

    Kamikazes damage 2 DE off Okinawa ; and British carriers Victorious and Formidable off Formosa.

    Sunday, 10 May 1942

    Invasion force departs Rabaul for Ocean & Nauru Islands.

    Monday, 10 May 1943

    U.S. Troops invade Attu in the Aleutian Islands.

    Monday, 11 May 1942

    Invasion flagship Okinoshima sunk by S-42. Jap force retires.

    Monday, 11 May 1942

    Yorktown heads for Tongatabu and temporary repair. Enterprise and Hornet arrive near New Hebrides.

    Friday, 11 May 1945

    Bunker Hill ( CV-17) hit by 2 kamikaze, 373 killed; also crash Evans (DD-552), and LCS-88 ; Hugh W. Hadley (DD-774) is damaged by Baka.

    Saturday, 12 May 1945

    New Mexico (BB-40) damaged by kamikaze ; Wichita (CA-45) by friendly fire.

    Sunday, 13 May 1945

    Fast carrier task force begin two-day attack on Kyushu airfields

    Thursday, 14 May 1942

    Tangier (AV-8) sets up at Noumea with flying boats, release carriers from scouting duty.

    Friday, 14 May 1943

    A Japanese submarine sinks the Australian hospital ship CENTAUR resulting in 299 dead.

    Monday, 14 May 1945

    Enterprise (CV-6) hit by Kamikaze.

    Monday, 14 May 1945

    472 B-29's blast urban area of N. Nagoya.

    Friday, 15 May 1942

    Enterprise & Hornet (Halsey) scare off invasion force for Ocean & Nauru, Phosphate Islands.

    Saturday, 16 May 1942

    Enterprise & Hornet ordered back to Pearl.

    Wednesday, 16 May 1945

    British escort carrier HMS Emperor (CVE) sight and attack Haguro (CA) heading into Malacca Strait; subsequently sunk by British destroyers.

    Sunday, 17 May 1942

    Japanese plans to invade Midway include 200 ships: 11 BB, 8 CV, 23 CA, 65 DD, 20 SS

    Monday, 18 May 1942

    Halsey ordered expedite return as Japanese troops mass at Saipan for invasion of Midway

    Monday, 18 May 1942

    British refuse to send 1 of 3 carriers from Madagascar to SWPac.

    Friday, 18 May 1945

    B-29 atomic bomb air group arrives on Tinian.

    Tuesday, 19 May 1942

    Midway Island told to claim water shortage by insecure code.

    Tuesday, 19 May 1942

    Japanese sub-based seaplanes scout Fiji and Zanzibar.

    Wednesday, 20 May 1942

    Japanese report "AF" short on water; confirms Midway is site of attack.

    Friday, 22 May 1942

    5 I-class submarines with 4 minisubs and 1 airplane enroute to Sydney.

    Saturday, 23 May 1942

    Plan of attack on Midway and Aleutians known, extent of forces not known.

    Wednesday, 23 May 1945

    525 B-29's sent against Tokyo in the largest B-29 mission during World War II.

    Sunday, 24 May 1942

    All warships from Coral Sea recalled to Pearl Harbor.

    Monday, 25 May 1942

    Carlson's Raiders arrive Midway on St. Louis.

    Friday, 25 May 1945

    464 B-29's pound Tokyo, 26 planes are lost, highest single-day loss.

    Tuesday, 26 May 1942

    Kittyhawk (APV-1) delivers 23 Marine aircraft, 5 light tanks to Midway.

    Tuesday, 26 May 1942

    Enterprise & Hornet arrive Pearl Harbor. VAdm Halsey ill, replaced by RAdm Spruance.

    Wednesday, 27 May 1942

    Yorktown arrives Pearl drydock. 1,400 dockworkers perform 3 months of repair in 2 days.

    Saturday, 27 May 1944

    Allies invade Biak Island, New Guinea.

    Thursday, 28 May 1942

    Enterprise & Hornet sail for Midway.

    Friday, 29 May 1942

    15 transports depart Saipan for invasion of Midway.

    Tuesday, 29 May 1945

    454 B-29's, escorted by 101 P-51's fire-bomb Yokohama.

    Tuesday, 29 May 1945

    10th Army capture Shusi Castle, Okinawa.

    Saturday, 30 May 1942

    8 transports depart Honshu for Aleutians.

    Saturday, 30 May 1942

    Yorktown, hull watertight and replenished, sails for waters north of Midway.

    Saturday, 30 May 1942

    Japan's main body fleet, including largest battleship in the world, depart Hiroshima for Midway.

    Sunday, 31 May 1942

    Japanese Midget sub attack in Madagascar ; ferry sunk at Sydney.

    Monday, 31 May 1943

    Japanese end their occupation of the Aleutian Islands as the U.S. completes the capture of Attu.

    Monday, 01 June 1942

    Saratoga (CV-3) sorties San Diego for Pearl Harbor.

    Friday, 01 June 1945

    458 B-29's attack city of Osaka. 148 P-51's escorts encounter severe weather, many of the fighters collide; 27 are lost. Miness own by B-29's sink 6 and damage 6 ships.

    Tuesday, 02 June 1942

    Yorktown (CV-5, TF 17, RAdm Fletcher) and Enterprise (CV-6 TF 16, RAdm Spruance) with Hornet (CV-8) rendezvous 350 miles NE of Midway;

    Tuesday, 02 June 1942

    U.S. deploys 25 fleet submarines west of Midway.

    Saturday, 02 June 1945

    Carrier TF 38 bombs airfields in southern Kyushu, Japan. Mines sown by B-29's sink or damage 12 more ships.

    Wednesday, 03 June 1942

    Japanese forces bearing down on Midway with five fleets and 200 ships: Strike Force is lead by 4 carriers, 2 battleships.

    Wednesday, 03 June 1942

    Attempting to divert forces from Midway, a 2nd carrier force, Ryujo and Junyo, bomb Dutch Harbor, Alaska.

    Wednesday, 03 June 1942

    Task force of 5 cruisers and 4 destroyers leave Pearl for Alaska.

    Thursday, 03 June 1943

    Japanese submarine cordon arrives Hawaii, but the two US task forces have already passed.

    Thursday, 04 June 1942

    Battle of Midway

    • PBYs attack Occupation Force northwest of Midway; one PBY torpedoes fleet tanker Akebono Maru.
    • Japanese carrier fleet - Akagi, Kaga, Soryu, and Hiryu - sends its aircraft against defensive installations on Midway. Although defending USMC F2A's and F4F's suffer disastrous losses, damage to facilities on Midway is comparatively slight.
    • Japanese carrier fighters and antiaircraft fire annihilates the USMC SBD's and SB2U's, Navy's new TBF's, and USAAF torpedo-carrying B-26's sent from Midway Island to attack the Japanese carriers. USAAF B-17's likewise bomb the Japanese carrier force without success.
    • Concentrating on the destruction of Midway air forces, the Japanese carriers were caught unprepared for the U.S. carrier air attack.
    • Torpedo bombers (TBD's) from American carrier striking force Hornet (CV-8), Enterprise (CV-6), and Yorktown (CV-5) attack the enemy carriers. Although mauled by the defending combat air patrol and antiaircraft fire, they draw off the former and leave the skies open for dive bombers (SBD's) from Enterprise and Yorktown.
    • SBD's from Enterprise sink carrier Kaga and bomb Akagi (flagship) SBD's; SBD's from Yorktown bomb and sink carrier Soryu.
    • Submarine Nautilus (SS-168) torpedoes carrier Kaga but her "fish" do not explode.
    • Hiryu escapes destruction that morning, launches dive bombers that temporarily disable Yorktown. Fletcher transfers flag to Astoria (CA-34) .
    • A second Japanese counter attack 2 hours later, damages Yorktown with bombs and torpedoes so severely that she was abandoned.
    • In the late afternoon, SBD's from Enterprise, including Yorktown planes, hit the Japanese Force again, striking Hiryu, the fourth and last of the Japanese carriers.
    • TF-16 (Spruance) released at dusk.
    • With control of the air irretrievably lost, the Japanese are compelled to abandon Midway invasion plans and the invasion force retires westward.
    • Three Japanese fleets, with ten battleships, including Yamato, the world's largest battleship, two escort carriers, cruisers, and destroyers race to engage the U.S. carriers.
    • The U.S. fleet withdraws till midnight, then returns to the protective air cover of Midway.
    • Finding nothing, the Japanese battle fleets also withdraws.

    Friday, 05 June 1942

    Battle of Midway continues as U.S. seeks retiring Japanese fleets.

    • Salvage underway on crippled carrier Yorktown
    • Japanese carriers Akagi and Hiryu are scuttled. Heavy cruisers Mogami and Mikuma are damaged in collision while avoiding submarine Tambor (SS-198).
    • Planes from Japanese carriers Ryujo and Junyo again attack Dutch Harbor, Alaska.
    • Japanese troops occupy Attu, Aleutians, without opposition.
    • U.S. Task Force 1 of 6 battleships link up west of San Francisco.
    • Long Island (AVG-1) arrives San Francisco, joints TF 1 of battleships as scout.
    • FDR promises in-kind retrobution if Japan continues to use poison gas in China.

    Monday, 05 June 1944

    The first mission by B-29 Superfortress bombers occurs as 77 planes bomb Japanese railway facilities at Bangkok, Thailand.

    Tuesday, 05 June 1945

    473 B-29's pound city of Kobe with incendiaries. Typhoon off Okinawa damages 36 ships. Kamikazes damage Mississippi (BB-41) and Louisville (CA-28).

    Saturday, 06 June 1942

    Battle of Midway concludes as carrier planes sink damaged heavy cruiser Mikuma.

    • Meanwhile, Japanese submarine I-168 finds Yorktown (CV-5) under tow, torpedoes Yorktown and destroyer Hammann (DD-412) alongside.
    • Carrier TF 16 changes course to eastward to refuel and breaks contact with the enemy.
    • The Battle of Midway, one of the most decisive battles in naval history, marks the turning point of the Pacific War. The decisive defeat administered to the Japanese put an end to their successful offensive and effectively turned the tide of the Pacific War.   Japanese losses totaled four fleet carriers, one heavy cruiser, 258 aircraft, and a large percentage of their experienced carrier pilots.   United States losses were 40 shore-based and 92 carrier aircraft, and the destroyer Hammann and the carrier Yorktown, the result of a single submarine attack.   The significance of the victory was not completely recognized at the time.

    Wednesday, 06 June 1945

    Japanese government begins 3-day conference with Emperor to discuss the war.

    Sunday, 07 June 1942

    Carrier Yorktown (CV-5) sinks as the result of heavy damage incurred on 4 and 6 June.

    Sunday, 07 June 1942

    Japanese troops occupy Kiska, Aleutians, without opposition.

    Sunday, 07 June 1942

    Saratoga replenishes Enterprise and Hornet with aircraft to go intercept Japanese Alaska task force.

    Monday, 08 June 1942

    Part of Japanese Midway force is sent to reinforce Alaska force : 2 BB, 1 CVE, 2 CA.

    Friday, 08 June 1945

    FarEast AirForce makes daily raids on Formosa, Hong Kong, and Borneo. Submarine HMS Trenchant sinks Japanese heavy cruiser Ashigara (CA) N. of Borneo. TF 38 planes attack Kanoya Airfield, Kyushu, Japan. Imperial Conference with Emperor : "the nation will fight to the bitter end."

    Tuesday, 09 June 1942

    USAAF claims victory at Midway ; in fact, no land-based aircraft hit any warships.

    Saturday, 09 June 1945

    Navy surface and air forces attacking in the Kurils2 supported by 6 B-24's and 8 B-25's. B-25 shot down by Soviet AA. Keeper of Privy Seal, Kido, begins search for "peace with honor" within civil government.

    Wednesday, 10 June 1942

    Wasp (CV-7), North Carolina (BB-55), Quincy (CA-39), San Juan (CL-54 ) and 6 destroyers transit the Panama Canal became TF 18 (RAdm Noyes).

    Wednesday, 10 June 1942

    Patrol planes discovered the presence of the enemy on Kiska and Attu -- the first news of Japanese landings that had taken place on the 7th.

    Sunday, 10 June 1945

    Australians invade Borneo, seize oil fields. PB4Y Privateers from Okinawa, commence mining waters off Korea. Six submarines sink 8 Japanese ships.

    Thursday, 11 June 1942

    PBY Catalinas, operating from the seaplane tender Gillis in Nazan Bay, Atka Island, hit ships and enemy positions on Kiska in an intense 48-hour attack which exhausted the gasoline and bomb supply aboard the Gillis but was not successful in driving the Japanese from the Island.

    Monday, 11 June 1945

    Cruisers and DDs bombard installations on Matsuwa, Kurils.

    Friday, 12 June 1942

    Japanese Alaska force further reinforced with fleet carrier Zuikaku, and 2 heavy cruisers in a last attempt to trap the U.S. carriers which has withdrawn.

    Friday, 12 June 1942

    B-17's and B-24's raid Kiska, damaging Japanese destroyer Hibiki.

    Tuesday, 12 June 1945

    Four US subs sink 7 ships.

    Saturday, 13 June 1942

    Saratoga, Enterprise, Hornet return to Pearl.

    Wednesday, 13 June 1945

    750 aircraft are stationed on Okinawa. Most of Third Fleet arrived Leyte after 3-months of continuous operations and kamakaze attack.

    Sunday, 14 June 1942

    First echelon of 1st Marine Division (MGen Vandegrift), 5th Reg arrives at Wellington, New Zealand.

    Thursday, 14 June 1945

    British task group make air and surface attacks on Truk.

    Thursday, 15 June 1944 Battle of Saipan. The United States invades Saipan.
    Thursday, 15 June 1944

    U.S. Marines invade Saipan in the Mariana Islands.

    Friday, 15 June 1945

    Court of Inquiry about ship losses in typhoon.

    Friday, 16 June 1944 The first bombing raid on Japan since the Doolittle raid of April 1942, as 47 B-29s based in Bengel, India, target the steel works at Yawata.
    Friday, 16 June 1944

    The first bombing raid on Japan since the Doolittle raid of April 1942, as 47 B-29s based in Bengel, India, target the steel works at Yawata.

    Saturday, 16 June 1945

    P-61's arrive on Ie Shima to take on night heckler missions against Kyushu.

    Wednesday, 17 June 1942

    FDR approves Bush report on construction of an atomic weapon.

    Sunday, 17 June 1945

    Breach final defenses on Okinawa.

    Thursday, 18 June 1942

    B-17's, B-24's, and an LB-30 (Navy B-24) bomb Japanese shipping in Kiska harbor, sinking fleet tanker Nissan Maru

    Monday, 18 June 1945 Japanese resistance ends on Mindanao in the Philippines.
    Monday, 18 June 1945 apanese resistance ends on Mindanao in the Philippines.
    Monday, 18 June 1945

    Having burned out major cities, B-29's begin on smaller ones. President Truman authorized invasion of Kyushu.

    Friday, 19 June 1942

    Ballard (AVD-10) rescues 35 survivors (found by PBY) from Japanese carrier Hiryu scuttled 5 June. They had been left below for dead.

    Monday, 19 June 1944 The "Marianas Turkey Shoot" occurs as U.S. Carrier-based fighters shoot down 220 Japanese planes, while only 20 American planes are lost.
    Monday, 19 June 1944

    The "Marianas Turkey Shoot" occurs as U.S. Carrier-based fighters shoot down 220 Japanese planes, while only 20 American planes are lost.

    Tuesday, 19 June 1945

    Alaskan B-24 flies longest mission, a 2,700-mi roundtrip lasting 15-1/2 hrs in N.Pacific. British troops enter Thailand.

    Saturday, 20 June 1942

    Japanese submarine I-26 shells Estevan Point, Vancouver Island, British Columbia.

    Wednesday, 20 June 1945

    PB4Y-2s from Okinawa daily sow mines in waters of Korean archipelago.

    Sunday, 21 June 1942

    PBY recovers two-man crew from TBD; these are the last survivors recovered from the Battle of Midway.

    Sunday, 21 June 1942

    Japanese submarine I-25 shells Fort Stevens, Oregon.

    Monday, 21 June 1943 Allies advance to New Georgia, Solomon Islands.
    Monday, 21 June 1943

    Allies advance to New Georgia, Solomon Islands.

    Thursday, 21 June 1945

    10th Army reachs south end of Okinawa. Conquest completed.

    Monday, 22 June 1942

    Carrier Saratoga (CV-3) departs Pearl to ferry planes to Midway.

    Friday, 22 June 1945 Japanese resistance ends on Okinawa as the U.S. Tenth Army completes its capture.
    Friday, 22 June 1945

    Gen Ushijima suicide.

    Saturday, 23 June 1945

    US casualties for Okinawa : 79,849

    • Troops : 7,613 killed ; 31,807 wounded ; 26,000 non-combat.
    • Sailors : 4,900 killed ; 4,824 wounded .
    • 191 ships sunk or irrepairably damaged, 250 ships damaged, mostly by kamikaze.
    Thursday, 25 June 1942

    Saratoga delivers 25 P-40's and 18 SBD's to Midway to replace heavy losses of 4 June.

    Thursday, 25 June 1942

    PBYs bomb Japanese base at Tulagi, Solomon Islands

    Monday, 25 June 1945

    Japan asks Soviets to extend Neutrality Pact. Australian forces capture Sarawak, N.W. part of Borneo.

    Monday, 25 June 1945

    Japanese continue pullback in China.

    Tuesday, 26 June 1945

    Marines land on Kume Jima.

    Wednesday, 27 June 1945

    Luzon declared captured - 5-1/2 months.

    Thursday, 28 June 1945 MacArthur's headquarters announces the end of all Japanese resistance in the Philippines.
    Friday, 29 June 1945

    Japan offers Soviets fishing concessions for oil.

    Thursday, 05 July 1945 Liberation of Philippines declared.
    Thursday, 08 July 1943 B-24 Liberators flying from Midway bomb Japanese on Wake Island.
    Saturday, 08 July 1944 Japanese withdraw from Imphal.
    Tuesday, 10 July 1945 1,000 bomber raids against Japan begin.
    Saturday, 14 July 1945 The first U.S. Naval bombardment of Japanese home islands.
    Monday, 16 July 1945 First Atomic Bomb is successfully tested in the U.S.
    Wednesday, 19 July 1944 U.S. Marines invade Guam in the Marianas.
    Tuesday, 21 July 1942 Japanese land troops near Gona on New Guinea.
    Monday, 24 July 1944 U.S. Marines invade Tinian.
    Thursday, 26 July 1945 Components of the Atomic Bomb "Little Boy" are unloaded at Tinian Island in the South Pacific.
    Thursday, 27 July 1944 American troops complete the liberation of Guam.
    Sunday, 29 July 1945 A Japanese submarine sinks the Cruiser INDIANAPOLIS resulting in the loss of 881 crewmen. The ship sinks before a radio message can be sent out leaving survivors adrift for two days.
    Sunday, 01 August 1943

    A group of 15 U.S. PT-boats attempt to block Japanese convoys south of Kolombangra Island in the Solomon Islands. PT-109, commanded by Lt. John F. Kennedy, is rammed and sunk by the Japanese Cruiser AMAGIRI, killing two and badly injuring others. The crew survives as Kennedy aids one badly injured man by towing him to a nearby atoll.

    Monday, 02 August 1943

    A group of 15 U.S. PT-boats attempt to block Japanese convoys south of Kolombangra Island in the Solomon Islands. PT-109, commanded by Lt. John F. Kennedy, is rammed and sunk by the Japanese Cruiser AMAGIRI, killing two and badly injuring others. The crew survives as Kennedy aids one badly injured man by towing him to a nearby atoll.

    Thursday, 03 August 1944

    U.S. And Chinese troops take Myitkyina after a two month siege.

    Friday, 06 August 1943

    Battle of Vella Gulf in the Solomon Islands. Day first.

    Monday, 06 August 1945

    First Atomic Bomb dropped on Hiroshima from a B-29 flown by Col. Paul Tibbets.

    Friday, 07 August 1942

    The first U.S. amphibious landing of the Pacific War occurs as 1st Marine Division invades Tulagi and Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands.

    Saturday, 07 August 1943

    Battle of Vella Gulf in the Solomon Islands. Second day.

    Saturday, 08 August 1942

    U.S. Marines take the unfinished airfield on Guadalcanal and name it Henderson Field after Maj. Lofton Henderson, a hero of Midway.

    Tuesday, 08 August 1944

    American troops complete the capture of the Mariana Islands.

    Wednesday, 08 August 1945

    U.S.S.R. declares war on Japan then invades Manchuria.

    Sunday, 09 August 1942

    A major U.S. naval disaster off Savo Island, north of Guadalcanal, as eight Japanese warships wage a night attack and sink three U.S. heavy cruisers, an Australian cruiser, and one U.S. destroyer, all in less than an hour. Another U.S. cruiser and two destroyers are damaged. Over 1,500 Allied crewmen are lost.

    Thursday, 09 August 1945

    Second Atomic Bomb is dropped on Nagasaki from a B-29 flown by Maj. Charles Sweeney -- Emperor Hirohito and Japanese Prime Minister Suzuki then decide to seek an immediate peace with the Allies.

    Tuesday, 14 August 1945

    Japanese accept unconditional surrender; Gen. MacArthur is appointed to head the occupation forces in Japan.

    Thursday, 16 August 1945

    Gen. Wainwright, a POW since May 6, 1942, is released from a POW camp in Manchuria.

    Monday, 17 August 1942

    122 U.S. Marine raiders, transported by submarine, attack Makin Atoll in the Gilbert Islands.

    Friday, 21 August 1942

    U.S. Marines repulse first major Japanese ground attack on Guadalcanal.

    Monday, 24 August 1942

    U.S. And Japanese carriers meet in the Battle of the Eastern Solomons resulting in a Japanese defeat.

    Wednesday, 25 August 1943

    Allies complete the occupation of New Georgia.

    Monday, 27 August 1945

    B-29s drop supplies to Allied POWs in China.

    Saturday, 29 August 1942

    The Red Cross announces Japan refuses to allow safe passage of ships containing supplies for U.S. POWs.

    Wednesday, 29 August 1945

    The Soviets shoot down a B-29 dropping supplies to POWs in Korea; U.S. Troops land near Tokyo to begin the occupation of Japan.

    Sunday, 30 August 1942

    U.S. Troops invade Adak Island in the Aleutian Islands.

    Thursday, 30 August 1945

    The British reoccupy Hong Kong.

    Sunday, 02 September 1945

    Formal Japanese surrender ceremony on board the MISSOURI in Tokyo Bay as 1,000 carrier-based planes fly overhead; President Truman declares VJ Day.

    Monday, 03 September 1945

    The Japanese commander in the Philippines, Gen. Yamashita, surrenders to Gen. Wainwright at Baguio.

    Saturday, 04 September 1943

    Allies recapture Lae-Salamaua, New Guinea.

    Tuesday, 04 September 1945

    Japanese troops on Wake Island surrender.

    Wednesday, 05 September 1945

    British land in Singapore.

    Saturday, 08 September 1945

    MacArthur enters Tokyo.

    Saturday, 08 September 1945

    Japanese in Korea surrender.

    Wednesday, 09 September 1942

    A Japanese floatplane flies first mission dropping incendiary bombs on U.S. forests in the state of Oregon - the only bombing of the continental U.S. during the war. Newspapers in the U.S. voluntarily withhold this information.

    Thursday, 10 September 1942

    A Japanese floatplane flies second mission dropping incendiary bombs on U.S. forests in the state of Oregon - the only bombing of the continental U.S. during the war. Newspapers in the U.S. voluntarily withhold this information.

    Saturday, 12 September 1942

    Battle of Bloody Ridge on Guadalcanal (first day).

    Sunday, 13 September 1942

    Battle of Bloody Ridge on Guadalcanal (second day).

    Thursday, 13 September 1945

    Japanese in Burma surrender.

    Monday, 14 September 1942

    Battle of Bloody Ridge on Guadalcanal (last day).

    Tuesday, 15 September 1942

    A Japanese submarine torpedo attack near the Solomon Islands results in the sinking of the carrier Wasp, destroyer O'Brien and damage to the battleship North Carolina.

    Friday, 15 September 1944

    U.S. Troops invade Morotai and the Paulaus.

    Thursday, 17 September 1942

    Japanese overland assault stopped at Ioribaiwa, within sight of Port Moresby, New Guinea.

    Friday, 18 September 1942

    7th Marines, 4,180 men, land on Guadalcanal bringing total to 22,500.

    Thursday, 20 September 1945

    Mohandas Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru demand that British troops leave India.

    Wednesday, 23 September 1942

    Marines start move through interior to Matanikau River

    Thursday, 24 September 1942

    Japanese land on Maiana, Gilberts.

    Friday, 25 September 1942

    Japanese land on Beru, Gilberts.

    Wednesday, 26 September 1945

    Rebellion against French in Indo-China

    Sunday, 27 September 1942

    British offensive in Burma.

    Sunday, 01 October 1944

    Minesweeping continues in Ulithi lagoon.

    Friday, 02 October 1942

    U.S. Defensive Battalion occupied Funafuti, Ellice Islands.

    Friday, 02 October 1942

    USAAF B-17s bomb Rabaul harbor, damaging Japanese light cruiser Tenryu.

    Sunday, 03 October 1943

    SBDs and TBFs from Henderson Field attack Japanese supply convoy en route to Guadalcanal, damaging seaplane carrier Nisshin.

    Monday, 05 October 1942

    Planes from Hornet (CV-8) bomb Bougainville, Solomons.

    Friday, 06 October 1944

    Dutch submarine Zwaardvisch sinks German submarine U-168 in Java Sea.

    Thursday, 07 October 1943

    Japanese execute approximately 100 American POWs on Wake Island.

    Monday, 09 October 1944

    Diversionary bombardment of Japanese installations on Marcus Island by TG 30.2.

    Sunday, 11 October 1942

    U.S. cruisers and destroyers defeat a Japanese task force in the Battle of Cape Esperance off Guadalcanal.

    Wednesday, 11 October 1944

    U.S. Air raids against Okinawa.

    Wednesday, 11 October 1944

    Two task groups attack Japanese airfields and other facilities on the north coast of Luzon in preparation for operations against Formosa

    Monday, 12 October 1942

    U.S. cruisers and destroyers dU.S. cruisers and destroyers defeat a Japanese task force in the Battle of Cape Esperance off Guadalcanal.

    Thursday, 12 October 1944

    TF 38 hurls heavy air strikes against Japanese shipping, aerodromes, and industrial plants on Formosa, regarded as the strongest and best-developed base south of the homeland proper.

    Tuesday, 13 October 1942

    The first U.S. Army troops, the 164th Infantry Regiment, land on Guadalcanal.

    Wednesday, 14 October 1942

    Japanese bombard Henderson Field at night from warships.

    Thursday, 15 October 1942

    Japanese bombard Henderson Field at night from warships then send troops ashore onto Guadalcanal in the morning as U.S. planes attack.

    Friday, 16 October 1942

    Japanese bombard Henderson Field at night again from warships.

    Saturday, 17 October 1942

    Japanese bombard Henderson Field at night again from warships.

    Sunday, 18 October 1942

    Vice Admiral William F. Halsey named as the new commander of the South Pacific Area, in charge of the Solomons-New Guinea campaign.

    Wednesday, 18 October 1944

    Fourteen B-29s based on the Marianas attack the Japanese base at Truk.

    Wednesday, 18 October 1944

    Two TG attack principal Japanese airfields near Manila and shipping in the harbor. Bombardment begins against Japanese installations on Leyte.

    Thursday, 19 October 1944

    Continue carrier attacks around Manila.

    Friday, 20 October 1944

    U.S. Sixth Army invades Leyte in the Philippines.

    Saturday, 21 October 1944

    Leyte landings continue.

    Sunday, 22 October 1944

    Japanese warships detected northwest of Borneo.

    Monday, 23 October 1944

    Battle of Leyte Gulf beguns.

    Dace (SS-247) sinks heavy cruiser Maya, while Darter (SS-227) sinks heavy cruiser Atago

    Tuesday, 24 October 1944

    Battle of Leyte Gulf - second day. Battle of Surigao Strait - Jap southern battle forces destroyed. Attacks on Jap central force in Sibuyan Sea force an apparent withdrawal.

    Wednesday, 25 October 1944

    Battle of Samar -- Jap central force attacks US escort carriers and successfully withdraws.
    Technique of Kamakazi introduced at Samar; first by a few fliers who were sucessfull against CVEs. Battle Off Cape Engano -- Jap northern decoy carrier fleet destroyed. The first suicide air (Kamikaze) attacks occur against U.S. warships in Leyte Gulf. By the end of the war, Japan will have sent an estimated 2,257 aircraft. "The only weapon I feared in the war," Adm. Halsey will say later.

    Monday, 26 October 1942

    Battle of Santa Cruz off Guadalcanal between U.S. And Japanese warships results in the loss of the Carrier HORNET.

    Tuesday, 26 October 1943

    Emperor Hirohito states his country's situation is now "truly grave."

    Thursday, 26 October 1944

    Battle of Leyte Gulf results in a decisive U.S. Naval victory.

    Tuesday, 27 October 1942

    South Dakota damaged avoiding torpedo.

    Saturday, 28 October 1944

    Minesweeping ended in Ulithi lagoon which will supplant Eniwetok as the Pacific Fleet's foremost advanced base in the Pacific.

      Kamakaze attacks become the rule.
    Sunday, 29 October 1944

    Carrier aircraft again attacks Japanese airfields and shipping in the Manila area.

    Monday, 01 November 1943

    U.S. Marines invade Bougainville in the Solomon Islands.

    Tuesday, 02 November 1943

    Battle of Empress Augustusta Bay.

    Tuesday, 03 November 1942

    Kokumbona offensive on Guadalcanal.

    Wednesday, 04 November 1942

    US troops land at Aola Bay escorted by Callegham's cruisers.

    Sunday, 05 November 1944

    Carrier strikes on Luzon, targeting Japanese aircraft, airfields, and shipping. IJN Nachi (CA) sunk

    Friday, 06 November 1942

    Battle with Japanese landing at Koli Point.

    Saturday, 07 November 1942

    Japanese mass an invasion force at Truk.

    Sunday, 08 November 1942

    Transports depart Noumea with 152nd Infantry for Guadalcanal.

    Monday, 09 November 1942

    Scott's cruiser force departs Noumea to escort 3 cargo ships.

    Tuesday, 10 November 1942

    Callegham's cruiser force sails for Guadalcanal with 4 more transports.

    Friday, 10 November 1944

    Ammunition ship Mount Hood (AE-11) is destroyed by accidental ammunition explosion in Seeadler Harbor, Manus, Admiralty Islands. Mount Hood has an estimated 3,000 tons of explosives on board. Every ship in the harbor, including two CVE, is damaged and many craft sunk.

    Wednesday, 11 November 1942

    Damaged Enterprise departs repair yard at Noumea with welders still aboard.

    Saturday, 11 November 1944

    Iwo Jima bombarded by the U.S. Navy.

    Thursday, 12 November 1942

    Naval Battle of Guadalcanal begins. Japanese 2 BB, 1CL, and 9 DD attempt to bombard Henderson Field. Meet 5 US cruisers and 8 DD. Light US forces walloped: Atlanta, Juneau, 5 DD sunk. But Japanese withdraw losing 2 DD.

    Friday, 13 November 1942

    Hiei damaged the night before is attacked by aircraft and scuttled.

    Monday, 13 November 1944

    Three carrier task groups target Manila harbor sinking Japanese CL, four DD, ten freighters and oilers.

    Saturday, 14 November 1942

    U.S. and Japanese warships clash again off Guadalcanal resulting in the sinking of the U.S. Cruiser JUNEAU and the deaths of the five Sullivan brothers.

    Saturday, 14 November 1942

    Enterprise and Henderson aircraft attack cruisers, Kingasa sunk. Enterprise planes land at Henderson as she withdraws.

    Sunday, 15 November 1942

    Battleship and destroyer fight end the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal. Japan lost battleship Hiei and 2 DDs. US lost 3 destroyers.

    Tuesday, 17 November 1942

    Allies move in New Guinea towards Buna and Gona.

    Wednesday, 18 November 1942

    Marines advance to Poho, Guadalcanal.

    Thursday, 19 November 1942

    Marines advance to Poho, Guadalcanal.

    Saturday, 20 November 1943

    U.S. Troops invade Makin and Tarawa in the Gilbert Islands.

    Tuesday, 21 November 1944

    Two CL and nine DD from Alaska bombard Japanese naval air installations on Matsuwa Island, Kurils.

    Wednesday, 22 November 1944

    Carrier aircraft bomb Japanese air facilities on Yap, Carolines.

    Wednesday, 22 November 1944

    Japanese planes raid U.S. air facility at Morotai, destroying 15 bombers and damaging 31.

    Monday, 23 November 1942

    Japanese air raid on Darwin, Australia. Day one.

    Tuesday, 23 November 1943

    Japanese end resistance on Makin and Tarawa.

    Tuesday, 24 November 1942

    Japanese air raid on Darwin, Australia. Day two.

    Friday, 24 November 1944

    Twenty four B-29s bomb the Nakajima aircraft factory near Tokyo.

    Saturday, 25 November 1944

    Planes from two task groups attack convoy on west coast of Philippines sink CA Kumano, six landing ships, damage more.

    Saturday, 25 November 1944

    Kamikazes damage carriers Essex (CV-9), Intrepid (CV-11) and Hancock (CV-19), and Cabot (CVL-28).

    Friday, 26 November 1943

    Lieutenant Commander Edward Henry "Butch" O'Hare - naval aviator of the United States Navy who on February 20, 1942 became the U.S. Navy's first flying ace and Medal of Honor recipient in World War II - missing in action. O'Hare's final action took place on the night, while he was leading the U.S. Navy's first-ever nighttime fighter attack launched from an aircraft carrier.

    Sunday, 28 November 1943

    President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin met in Tehran during World War II

    Wednesday, 29 November 1944

    Colorado (BB-45) and light cruisers St. Louis (CL-49) and Montpelier (CL-57) damaged by kamikazes.

    Wednesday, 29 November 1944

    Archerfish (SS-311) sinks Japanese supercarrier Shinano 160 NM SE of Cape Muroto, Japan.

    Monday, 30 November 1942

    Battle of Tasafaronga off Guadalcanal.

    Tuesday, 01 December 1942

    LtGen Eichelberger ordered to Papau, New Guinea, to take Buna.

    Wednesday, 02 December 1942

    Enrico Fermi conducts the worlds first nuclear chain reaction test at the University of Chicago.

    Sunday, 03 December 1944

    Almost 70 B-29's based in the Marianas bomb Musashino aircraft plant in Tokyo; 6 are lost.

    Monday, 04 December 1944

    B-24's from Guam and Saipan daily bomb Iwo Jima, plus random harassment attacks.

    Tuesday, 05 December 1944

    Japanese planes attack Leyte bound convoy - US freighter sunk.

    Sunday, 06 December 1942

    US subs attack convoys.

    Sunday, 07 December 1941

    Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor, Hawaii; also attack the Philippines, Wake Island, Guam, Malaya, Thailand, Shanghai and Midway.

    Monday, 08 December 1941

    U.S. and Britain declare war on Japan. Japanese land near Singapore and enter Thailand.

    Tuesday, 09 December 1941

    China declares war on Japan.

    Wednesday, 10 December 1941

    Japanese invade the Philippines and also seize Guam.

    Wednesday, 10 December 1941

    Attack on Force Z (also known as Battle of Kuantan). British battleship Prince of Wales and battlecruiser Repulse sinks off Singapore;   Japanese troops overrun Guam

    Thursday, 11 December 1941

    Japanese invade Burma.

    Thursday, 11 December 1941

    Germany & Italy declare war on US;   Japanese attack Wake Island (only failed WWII-landing)

    Friday, 12 December 1941

    European reservists on Java mobilizes

    Sunday, 13 December 1942

    Buna, New Guinea, falls to Americans.

    Monday, 14 December 1942

    Gona, New Guinea, falls to Australians. It takes another month to end resistance in Papua campaign and it is August 1944 before all of New Guinea is secured.

    Monday, 15 December 1941

    First Japanese merchant ship sunk by a U.S. submarine.

    Wednesday, 15 December 1943

    U.S. Troops land on the Arawe Peninsula of New Britain in the Solomon Islands.

    Friday, 15 December 1944

    U.S. Troops invade Mindoro in the Philippines.

    Tuesday, 16 December 1941

    Japanese invade British Borneo.

    Sunday, 17 December 1944

    The U.S. Army Air Force begins preparations for dropping the Atomic Bomb by establishing the 509th Composite Group to operate the B-29s that will deliver the bomb.

    Thursday, 18 December 1941

    Japanese invade Hong Kong.

    Tuesday, 19 December 1944

    Carrier Unryu (CVL) sunk by Redfish (SS-395) in East China Sea.

    Tuesday, 19 December 1944

    Samar liberated.

    Wednesday, 20 December 1944

    Organized Japanese resistance ends on Leyte.

    Thursday, 21 December 1944

    27 Guam-based B-24's hit Iwo Jima.

    Monday, 22 December 1941

    Japanese invade Luzon in the Philippines.

    Tuesday, 22 December 1942

    26 B-24's flown 4,300 miles to attack Wake Island.

    Tuesday, 23 December 1941

    General Douglas MacArthur begins a withdrawal from Manila to Bataan; Japanese take Wake Island.

    Sunday, 24 December 1944

    USAAF bombers raid Iwo Jima, Navy shells.

    Thursday, 25 December 1941

    British surrender at Hong Kong.

    Friday, 26 December 1941

    Manila declared an open city.

    Sunday, 26 December 1943

    Full Allied assault on New Britain as 1st Division Marines invade Cape Gloucester.

    Tuesday, 26 December 1944

    Japanese Force of Ashigara (CA), Oyodo (CL), three destroyers and three escort destroyers, approaches Mindoro to bombard the beachhead. USAAF B-25's, P-38's, P-40's, and P-47's and Navy PB4Y's and PBM's successively attack the force. One DD sunk.

    Saturday, 27 December 1941

    Japanese bomb Manila.

    Wednesday, 27 December 1944

    USAAF plus cruiser and destroyer bombard Japanese installations on Iwo Jima and shipping offshore.

    Wednesday, 27 December 1944

    52 B-29's from the Marianas bomb Tokyo's Nakajima and Musashino aircraft plants.

    Thursday, 28 December 1944

    Japanese air attacks commence against Mindoro-bound task group - 3 ships destroyed.

    Saturday, 30 December 1944

    Japanese air attacks continue on Mindoro-bound convoy; - 2 more ships lost.
    5th Air Force attack Japanese shipping in approaches to Lingayen Gulf - 4 ships sunk.

    Thursday, 31 December 1942

    Emperor Hirohito of Japan gives permission to his troops to withdraw from Guadalcanal after five months of bloody fighting against U.S. Forces

    Thursday, 31 December 1942

    Japanese high command decides to withdraw from Guadalcanal.

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